Kirkcaldy is a town on the East Coast of Scotland, the largest in Fife. It has a population of nearly 49,000.
Known as the "Lang Toun" because of its traditional shape, it had one of the longest high streets in the country in the 17th Century. Initially just under a mile, it would eventually stretch to four miles.
Historically, Kirkcaldy was an important industrial hub, expanding out from its harbour to the north and east. It would become prominent in the manufacture of linoleum - which, for many years, gave the town a distinctive smell.
Famous townspeople of the past include the "Father of Modern Economics" Adam Smith, who wrote much of his book "The Wealth of Nations" while staying in his mothers home. Sir Sandford Fleming, father of "time zones" and the architect Robert Adam also come from Kirkcaldy.
In modern times, former UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown was brought up in the town, with his father being minister of St Brycedales Church. Painter Jack Vettriano, crime writer Val McDermid and the Guy Berryman - the basist for Coldplay - all have links with Kirkcaldy.
Local 1st Division football team Raith Rovers play at Starks Park, while the UK's oldest Ice Hockey team - the Fife Flyers - play at the Ice Arena. Kirkcaldy Rugby Club play at Beveridge Park.
The town motto - Vigilando Munio - means "I guard by watching"
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This page was last updated on Monday 5th September 2011 at 18:58
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